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The scientific discipline that is known as "psychology" examines not only the thoughts and feelings that people have, but also the behaviors that they engage in. The name "psychology" originates from two Greek words: "psyche," which translates to "breath, spirit, or soul," and "logia," which means "study of." Together, these terms form the English word "psychology." The present English term "psychology" is a combination of these two words that were merged to form the word. 1
At an earlier point in time, the discipline of psychology did not always take the form that it does at the present moment. In point of fact, it is seen to be a relatively new field of study, in spite of the fact that, as the well-known psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus pointed out, the topic has a short history but a long tradition. Nevertheless, it is considered to be one of the more recent areas of research. To put it another way, this is an academic subfield that is regarded as being on the cutting edge of knowledge.
Biology and philosophy were the two primary fields of study that served as the impetus for the development of the academic field of psychology. In addition, the fields of sociology, medicine, linguistics, and anthropology are all closely intertwined with psychology's scope of study.
In the last several decades, the field of psychology has seen phenomenal expansion, becoming an increasingly significant component of the contemporary society in which we now reside. It is possible to find psychologists working in a broad variety of settings, including mental health clinics, hospitals, educational institutions (including schools, colleges, and universities), private corporations, public agencies and government organizations, and private offices.
They are in charge of a broad array of jobs and obligations, some examples of which include the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders, the conduct of research, and the design of public health policy.
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